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Case 2. Cultural Values and Competent Mental Health Services to Minors Irina, a 13-year-old girl of Arabic cultural heritage living in Boston, Massachusetts, was brought by her parents to a hospital emergency room after an assault by a stranger. Based on her injuries, the hospital staff suspected that the attacker had also sexually assaulted the girl, but she and her parents refused medical evaluations for rape. The family received a referral to see Janet Matthews, a clinical psychologist specializing in adolescent trauma. During their initial meeting with Dr. Matthews, the parents asked the psychologist not to discuss any sexual aspects of the assault with their daughter but to treat the psychological trauma from the assault in general. They told the psychologist that admitting a rape had taken place would cast a stigma on their daughter and make her ineligible to be married to men in their closely knit ethnic community. When asked in private, the girl also requested that sexual issues not be discussed for the same reason. Ethical Dilemma Dr. Matthews does not know if she should agree to the parents’ and child’s request. FOR THE USE OF UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX STUDENTS AND FACULTY ONLY. NOT FOR DISTRIBUTION, SALE, OR REPRINTING. ANY AND ALL UNAUTHORIZED USE IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED. Copyright © 2013 by SAGE Publications, Inc. Appendix B——357 Discussion Questions 1. Why is this an ethical dilemma? Which APA Ethical Principles help frame the nature of the dilemma? 2. Who are the stakeholders and how will they be affected by how Dr. Matthews resolves this dilemma? 3. How might Irina’s age and parents’ involvement in the referral affect how Dr. Matthews can resolve this dilemma? How might state law on treatment of minors and HIPAA rules on access of guardians to a minor’s health care records influence Dr. Matthew’s decision? (See sections on “A Word About HIPAA” in the Preface of this book, on parental rights under Standards 3.10b, Informed Consent, in Chapter 6, and the Hot Topic at the end of Chapter 7 “Confidentiality and Involvement of Parents in Mental Health Services for Children and Adolescents.”) 4. What attitudes, knowledge, and skills are required to develop a culturally competent treatment plan for Irina (see the Hot Topic for Chapter 5 “Multicultural Ethical Competence”)? 5. Is Irina likely to benefit from the treatment if the possibility of sexual aspects to the trauma is not explored? 6. How are APA Ethical Standards 2.01a, b, and c; 2.04; 3.04; 3.06; 4.01; 4.02; and 10.10a relevant to this case? Which other standards might apply? 7. What are Dr. Matthews’s ethical alternatives for resolving this dilemma? Which alternative best reflects the Ethics Code aspirational principles and enforceable standards, legal standards, and Dr. Matthews’s obligations to stakeholders? Can you identify the ethical theory (presented in Chapter 3) guiding your decision? 8. What steps should Dr. Matthews take to ethically implement her decision and monitor its effect?

Case 2. Cultural Values and Competent

Mental Health Services to Minors

Irina, a 13-year-old girl of Arabic cultural heritage living in Boston, Massachusetts,

was brought by her parents to a hospital emergency room after an assault by a

stranger. Based on her injuries, the hospital staff suspected that the attacker had

also sexually assaulted the girl, but she and her parents refused medical evaluations

for rape. The family received a referral to see Janet Matthews, a clinical psychologist

specializing in adolescent trauma. During their initial meeting with Dr. Matthews,

the parents asked the psychologist not to discuss any sexual aspects of the assault

with their daughter but to treat the psychological trauma from the assault in general.

They told the psychologist that admitting a rape had taken place would cast a

stigma on their daughter and make her ineligible to be married to men in their

closely knit ethnic community. When asked in private, the girl also requested that

sexual issues not be discussed for the same reason.

Ethical Dilemma

Dr. Matthews does not know if she should agree to the parents’ and child’s

request.

FOR THE USE OF UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX STUDENTS AND FACULTY ONLY.

NOT FOR DISTRIBUTION, SALE, OR REPRINTING.

ANY AND ALL UNAUTHORIZED USE IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED.

Copyright © 2013 by SAGE Publications, Inc.

Appendix B——357

Discussion Questions

  1. Why is this an ethical dilemma? Which APA Ethical Principles help frame the

nature of the dilemma?

  1. Who are the stakeholders and how will they be affected by how Dr. Matthews

resolves this dilemma?

  1. How might Irina’s age and parents’ involvement in the referral affect how

Dr. Matthews can resolve this dilemma? How might state law on treatment

of minors and HIPAA rules on access of guardians to a minor’s health care

records influence Dr. Matthew’s decision? (See sections on “A Word About

HIPAA” in the Preface of this book, on parental rights under Standards 3.10b,

Informed Consent, in Chapter 6, and the Hot Topic at the end of Chapter 7

“Confidentiality and Involvement of Parents in Mental Health Services for

Children and Adolescents.”)

  1. What attitudes, knowledge, and skills are required to develop a culturally

competent treatment plan for Irina (see the Hot Topic for Chapter 5

“Multicultural Ethical Competence”)?

  1. Is Irina likely to benefit from the treatment if the possibility of sexual aspects

to the trauma is not explored?

  1. How are APA Ethical Standards 2.01a, b, and c; 2.04; 3.04; 3.06; 4.01; 4.02;

and 10.10a relevant to this case? Which other standards might apply?

  1. What are Dr. Matthews’s ethical alternatives for resolving this dilemma?

Which alternative best reflects the Ethics Code aspirational principles and

enforceable standards, legal standards, and Dr. Matthews’s obligations to

stakeholders? Can you identify the ethical theory (presented in Chapter 3)

guiding your decision?

  1. What steps should Dr. Matthews take to ethically implement her decision

and monitor its effect?

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